No rain, moisture and water scarcity are the few
words that haunts every body at particular time in every year.
crops in the field become retarded, stunted and drying up in absence of soil
moisture. Crop field cracked up due to excessive moisture stress in many
localities finally lead to loss of crops in the field itself.
Tripura, Boro paddy, wherever cultivated with balance moisture often fail to
flourish in long dry spell. As location specific, the most affected crop is
Of course, there are plethora of other crops too that being grown
with preserved moisture also suffers the same set back.
months’ agony and anxiety for water and water scarcity quietly ends once
continuous rain takes place in monsoon. The rain brought out by the south west
monsoon is the main that influences the farming pattern in the state.
course, it will again depend how uniform and well distributed the rainfall is.
But, this time there is fear for drought like situation in many states due to
this water scarcity and its suffering is not new to the people and farmers of
the area. But what they do not realize is how to tackle this often recurrent
problem most effectively and efficiently.
is recurrent problem in every year and causing lot of problems to the people
especially associated with the farming.
good part of cropping time is wasted due to the moisture stress in that
particular period of time.
less sensitization amongst the people around the concept of rainwater
harvesting and water preservation. People in general have little knowledge in
Rainwater harvesting systems and their subsequent usage in farming and other
the village level, there is not much observation on this concept except “water
pond “a way of water conservation for dual purpose of fish rearing and domestic
than this, there’s no such activity to help conserve Rainwater and water resource
for future utility especially for farming.
the knowledge and realization in the aspect of water preservation and rain
water harvesting system is not understood by most of the people.
result, huge quantum of precious resources is lost untapped. Had the system
been in place, there would have been many aquifers by recharging the ground
water table in the need of time.
is couple of departments that deals directly for ensuring water supply and
conservation structure. These departments explore and spread the concept of
water harvesting structure in different areas of the state.
This is to improve
the situation through construction of rain water harvesting systems and also
providing rain water collection systems.
matters of the facts are the results of these departmental endeavors were less
than enough in field level. The activity observed in the rural area is
construction of lunga bundh, pond, and development of water shed and water
harvesting structure in the catchments areas.
there seems to be less participation by the people who actually needed this.
Here, again, the lunga bundh constructed has not been considered as the
structure for rain water harvesting or water preservation or conservation structure.
It is (lunga) rather considered more for creating side income through fish
rearing and also meeting other domestic water usage. Of course, in other way
round, it is correct to a certain extent.
result, the purpose of very rain water harvesting remained in the lack luster
condition. Therefore, the very concept fails to find a good path of
popularization among the target groups.
When the target group fails to realize
the given concept then its popularization becomes difficult and time taking.
Tripura bestowed with good topographical condition:
the given topographical condition and rainfall pattern, Tripura could easily
hold a place for creating a sizeable quantum of rain water harvesting and water
conservation structures. Why because? You have lots of accessible site that
could easily be converted into good rain water harvesting structure.
example lunga lying areas, water streams in the catchments areas, these are the
places of natural site that could easily be converted into water harvesting
could be useful in the long run for crops cultivation in the catchments areas.
In other areas where there is less chance for assured irrigation facility in
the near future also holds good for the system.
But that has not been happening
till date. However, departments are implementing projects, but participation by
the people is must for achieving desired result.
do realize that water is also one of the main constraints in crop cultivation
and subsequent farm profit. But coming with alternative and effective mechanism
in dealing with the recurrent problem is the point that requires really a great
deal of work.
Although, there’s realization for water but knowledge for
tackling and tackling proactive action is not seen.
it is already hard fact that increasing irrigated area is becoming near
impossible due to several intervening problems. And, now, the existing water
resources are also drying up in the given situation increasing more area under
irrigation in future would pose big problem.
the situation this, there would be much more problem in future for water
crisis. If the situation is not dealt in the time, it may further accelerate
one sided motivation will not help in improving water health in the state. The
state receives fairly good amount of rain fall during monsoon and in
pre-monsoon too. Nevertheless, water resources, like major rivers, streams
dams, lakes (natural and created) dries up during the prolong dry spell.
dry up situation is encountered from the month of January to April in almost
shortage was anticipated in the Palatana power project too, news reports that
the company has already taken steps to create rain water harvesting structures
for avoiding any such problems in future.
The power company which is about to
start generating power in a couple of month’s time is said to have allotted a
share of fund for creating rain water harvesting structure as media reports”.
And this is the actual water scene in the state and it how worrying it is.
these prevailing conditions should be eye opener for all of us to learn and
behave rightly for dealing with the situation for greater benefit of the people
of the state.
first and foremost thing that requires immediate attention is the people’s
realization. People should know how to tackle the situation to their favor and
utilize precious rain water resource effectively.
This is really needed for
future betterment, farm operation & other human needs.
The time has come for us to spread the water
harvesting concept to the remote of the remotest region and create awareness
among the people about the importance of water conservation and rain water
harvesting for secure future.
awareness and real field level implementation should go hand in hand for
realizing the real field level result through mass participation.
Agritangkol dated 23.08.2012